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AI: strong or weak? With or without an ethical code of conduct?

Artificial intelligence (AI) has become a major issue in global competition. The EU is taking a balanced approach, based on ethical principles and the protection of fundamental rights.

Strong AI vs weak AI is distinguished by their level of sophistication. Weak AI, also known as narrow artificial intelligence, focuses on specific tasks and does not have a general understanding like that of humans. In contrast, strong AI is capable of understanding context, reasoning and learning in a similar way to a human being. The evolution towards strong AI raises more complex ethical issues, particularly regarding consciousness and autonomy.

The EU has developed an ambitious strategy to boost innovation and competitiveness in the field of AI. The regulatory framework, such as the proposed AI Regulation, aims to ensure safety, transparency and ethics in the development and use of AI. The emphasis is on the protection of personal data and individual rights, setting the European approach apart. China, meanwhile, is adopting an approach more geared towards the rapid development of AI, with fewer ethical regulations in place. Massive investment in research and development positions China as a serious competitor. However, concerns remain about mass surveillance and the use of AI for social control. As the development of AI continues, the need for ethical guidelines and regulations becomes increasingly important. The EU’s approach of balancing innovation with ethical principles offers a promising framework for ensuring the responsible and beneficial development of AI.

Gracia Muniama

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